Russell Beck in New Jersey Law Journal on Noncompete Agreement Regulation

Russell Beck was recently featured in an article about President Biden’s Executive Order on noncompete agreements. The article, published in the New Jersey Law Journal and, is titled “Some Lawyers Doubt Biden’s Move to Curb Employment Noncompete Agreements Would Stimulate the Startup Economy.

The article discusses President Biden’s order encouraging the FTC to exercise its rulemaking authority “to curtail the unfair use of non-compete clauses and other clauses or agreements that may unfairly limit worker mobility.”

The article references the argument frequently made by opponents of noncompete agreements that California’s prohibition of such agreements is the reason for its vibrant technology sector. In response, Russell is quoted as follows:

“This is a classic example of assuming that correlation means causation,” said Russell Beck, an attorney at Beck Reed Riden in Boston who frequently handles noncompete agreements in his business litigation practice. He pointed to Oklahoma and North Dakota, both of which have banned noncompetes since the 1800s. Neither has startup activity comparable to that in California, Beck said.

“I do not believe that banning noncompetes will stimulate the economy. I actually fear that banning noncompetes may have unintended, adverse effects on the economy,” Beck said.

In the article, Russell further explains that:

if companies can’t protect themselves with noncompete clauses, they will protect themselves with costly and time-consuming trade secret litigation, which he says is an unintended consequence of banning noncompetes that hasn’t been studied thoroughly. “That’s a drain on the economy as well,” he said.

Beck concedes that banning noncompete clauses would make it easier to launch a startup company but says that analysis fails to consider the prospect of a suit from a former employer.

“Some research suggests if noncompetes are enforced strongly, you’ll have fewer startups, but the quality of the startups will be improved. If the goal is just to have a lot of startups, the strict enforcement of noncompetes may hinder that but it may result in not wasting a lot of people’s money and time on poor-quality startups and instead focusing on high quality startups, which I would think is the goal” Beck said.

“This is one of those issues where there are a lot of soundbites, and they really sound compelling. But when you go behind them, you find out this is a lot more nuanced issue,” Beck said. “There is a lot more work that needs to be done to understand what we’d be giving up by banning noncompetes and how that would impact the economy.

ussell describes the genesis of the current efforts to regulate non-competition agreements as follows:

Noncompete clauses have been on the radar screens of state and federal officials since 2014, when a controversy arose over imposition of such terms on low-wage employees of Jimmy John’s, a chain of sandwich shops, Beck said.

The company ended the practice after it was sued by state officials in Illinois and New York. Federal legislation to restrict noncompetes was introduced in Congress but did not find traction, he said.

Many states have also been focusing on noncompetes, with some barring their use on low-wage workers or mandating notice provisions for job-seekers who are hired by a company that imposes a noncompete clause, Beck said. In February, Washington, D.C,. enacted a wide-ranging ban on noncompete clauses.

Questions remain about whether the FTC has authority to regulate noncompete clauses, Beck says. But the business litigator expects the agency to enact regulations that address imposition of noncompetes on low-wage workers and notice requirements, which would give states the authority to enact additional regulations on the issue if they are inclined.

The article was written by Charles Toutant, a litigation writer for the New Jersey Law Journal.


For up-to-the-minute analysis of legal issues concerning noncompete agreements in Massachusetts and across the United States, read Russell Beck’s blog, Fair Competition Law.

eck Reed Riden LLP is among the leading authorities in trade secret, noncompete, and unfair competition law, and our experience handling these matters is backed by our extensive employment law and business litigation experience. Our hand-picked team combines attorneys with complementary expertise and practical experience.

The Wall Street Journal featured Beck Reed Riden LLP’s noncompete agreement experience. In 2016, the White House issued a report entitled, “Non-Compete Agreements: Analysis of the Usage, Potential Issues, and State Responses,” relying in part on Beck Reed Riden LLP’s research and analysis, including its 50 State Noncompete Survey.

Russell Beck’s work in this area is well recognized, and includes:

  • Over thirty years of experience working on trade secret, noncompete, and unfair competition matters
  • Assisting the Obama White House as part of a small working group to develop President Obama’s Noncompete Call to Action
  • Authoring the book Negotiating, Drafting, and Enforcing Noncompetition Agreements and Related Restrictive Covenants (6th ed., MCLE, Inc. 2021), used by other lawyers to help them with their noncompete matters
  • Authoring the book Trade Secrets Law for the Massachusetts Practitioner (1st ed. MCLE 2019), covering trade secrets nationally, with a focus on Massachusetts law
  • Drafting and advising on legislation for the Massachusetts Legislature to define, codify, and improve noncompetition law
  • Teaching Trade Secrets and Restrictive Covenants at Boston University School of Law
  • Founding and administering the award-winning blog, Fair Competition Law
  • Establishing and administering the Noncompete Lawyers and Trade Secret Protection groups on LinkedIn, with over 1,660 and 870 members, respectively, around the world
  • Founded and chaired the Trade Secret / Noncompete Practice for an AmLaw 100 firm

In addition, Russell was honored for his work in this area of law in the 2020 Chambers USA Guide, which stated that Russell Beck is “an expert in the field of trade secret and restrictive covenant law,” and is also noted for his “ability to adjust and come up with successful solutions.” Chambers noted that Russell “basically wrote the new Massachusetts statute on noncompetes” and that “he’s an expert in employee mobility and nonrestrictive covenants.”

Beck Reed Riden LLP is Boston’s innovative litigation boutique. Our lawyers have years of experience working with clients ranging from Fortune 500 companies to start-ups and individuals. We focus on business litigation and employment.

We are experienced litigators and counselors, helping our clients as business partners to resolve issues and develop strategies that best meet our clients’ legal and business needs – before, during, and after litigation. We’re ready to roll up our sleeves and help you. Read more about us, the types of matters we handle, and what we can do for you here.